Transportation activities can account for over 70% of organizational supply chain costs. Thus, it is vital that an organization gets the transportation function right, whether its ambition is to meet personnel mobility needs or to execute the delivery of goods and materials. In this course, we will examine the transportation function in a holistic manner. We start by outlining the requirements of successful fleet maintenance programs and workshops. We then describe the components of stringent fleet and driver safety programs and experiment with different capital budgeting and distribution routing techniques. We conclude with a thorough explanation of key fleet performance measures.